ASTM B977-11

    Historical Standard: ASTM B977-11 Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium Ingots

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    ASTM B977

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers titanium and titanium alloy ingots as follows:

    1.1.1 Grade 1Unalloyed titanium,

    1.1.2 Grade 2Unalloyed titanium,

    1.1.3 Grade 3Unalloyed titanium,

    1.1.4 Grade 4Unalloyed titanium,

    1.1.5 Grade 5Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium),

    1.1.6 Grade 6Titanium alloy (5 % aluminum, 2.5 % tin),

    1.1.7 Grade 7Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium,

    1.1.8 Grade 9Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium),

    1.1.9 Grade 11Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium,

    1.1.10 Grade 12Titanium alloy (0.3 % molybdenum, 0.8 % nickel),

    1.1.11 Grade 13Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium),

    1.1.12 Grade 14Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium),

    1.1.13 Grade 15Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium),

    1.1.14 Grade 16Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium,

    1.1.15 Grade 17Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium,

    1.1.16 Grade 18Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium) plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium,

    1.1.17 Grade 19Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 8 % vanadium, 6 % chromium, 4 % zirconium, 4 % molybdenum),

    1.1.18 Grade 20Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 8 % vanadium, 6 % chromium, 4 % zirconium, 4 % molybdenum) plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium,

    1.1.19 Grade 21Titanium alloy (15 % molybdenum, 3 % aluminum, 2.7 % niobium, 0.25 % silicon),

    1.1.20 Grade 23Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium with extra low interstitials, ELI),

    1.1.21 Grade 24Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium) plus 0.4 to 0.8 % palladium,

    1.1.22 Grade 25Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium) plus 0.3 to 0.8 % nickel and 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium,

    1.1.23 Grade 26Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium,

    1.1.24 Grade 27Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium,

    1.1.25 Grade 28Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium) plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium,

    1.1.26 Grade 29Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium, extra low interstitial elements, ELI) plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium,

    1.1.27 Grade 30Titanium alloy (0.3 % cobalt, 0.05 % palladium),

    1.1.28 Grade 31Titanium alloy (0.3 % cobalt, 0.05 % palladium),

    1.1.29 Grade 32Titanium alloy (5 % aluminum, 1 % tin, 1 % zirconium, 1 % vanadium, 0.8 % molybdenum),

    1.1.30 Grade 33Titanium alloy (0.4 % nickel, 0.015 % palladium, 0.025 % ruthenium, 0.15 % chromium),

    1.1.31 Grade 34Titanium alloy (0.4 % nickel, 0.015 % palladium, 0.025 % ruthenium, 0.15 % chromium),

    1.1.32 Grade 35Titanium alloy (4.5 % aluminum, 2 % molybdenum, 1.6 % vanadium, 0.5 % iron, 0.3 % silicon),

    1.1.33 Grade 36Titanium alloy (45 % niobium),

    1.1.34 Grade 37Titanium alloy (1.5 % aluminum), and

    1.1.35 Grade 38Titanium alloy (4 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium, 1.5 % iron).

    1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.3 The following caveat pertains only to the test method portions of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E178 Practice for Dealing With Outlying Observations

    E539 Test Method for Analysis of Titanium Alloys by X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    E1409 Test Method for Determination of Oxygen and Nitrogen in Titanium and Titanium Alloys by the Inert Gas Fusion Technique

    E1447 Test Method for Determination of Hydrogen in Titanium and Titanium Alloys by Inert Gas Fusion Thermal Conductivity/Infrared Detection Method

    E1941 Test Method for Determination of Carbon in Refractory and Reactive Metals and Their Alloys by Combustion Analysis

    E2371 Test Method for Analysis of Titanium and Titanium Alloys by Atomic Emission Plasma Spectrometry

    E2626 Guide for Spectrometric Analysis of Reactive and Refractory Metals


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.120.50 (Titanium and titanium alloys)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30262100(Titanium ingots strips billets and coil)


    DOI: 10.1520/B0977-11

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