ASTM B848-01

    Standard Specification for Powder Forged (P/F) Ferrous Structural Parts

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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers powder forged ferrous materials fabricated by hot densification of atomized prealloyed or iron powders and intended for use as structural parts.

    1.2 This specification covers powder forged parts made from the following materials:

    1.2.1 Compositions

    1.2.1.1 P/F-10XX Carbon Steel (produced from atomized iron powder and graphite powder),

    1.2.1.2 P/F-10CXX Copper-Carbon Steel (produced from atomized iron powder, copper and graphite powders),

    1.2.1.3 P/F-11XX Carbon Steel with manganese sulfide for enhanced machinability (produced from atomized iron powder, manganese sulfide, and graphite powders),

    1.2.1.4 P/F-11CXX Copper-Carbon Steel with manganese sulfide for enhanced machinability (produced from atomized iron powder, copper, manganese sulfide, and graphite powders),

    1.2.1.5 P/F-42XX Nickel-Molybdenum Steel (produced from prealloyed atomized iron-nickel-molybdenum powder and graphite powder),

    1.2.1.6 P/F-46XX Nickel-Molybdenum Steel (produced from prealloyed atomized iron-nickel-molybdenum powder and graphite powder),

    1.2.1.7 P/F-44XX Molybdenum Steel (produced from prealloyed atomized iron-molybdenum powder and graphite powder), and

    1.2.1.8 P/F-49XX Molybdenum Steel (produced from prealloyed atomized iron-molybdenum powder and graphite powder).

    Note 1—Alloy composition designations are modifications of the AISI-SAE nomenclature. For example: 10CXX designates a plain carbon steel containing copper and XX amount of carbon. Compositional limits of alloy and impurity elements may be different from the AISI-SAE limits. Chemical composition limits are specified in Section 6.

    Note 2—XX designates the forged carbon content, in hundredths of a percent, that is specified by the purchaser for the application. For a given specified carbon content, the permissible limits shall be as specified in 6.2.

    1.2.2 Grades

    1.2.2.1 Grade A—Density equivalent to a maximum of 0.5 % porosity. The minimum density of those sections of the powder forged part so designated by the applicable part drawing shall not be less than the value specified in Table 1.

    1.2.2.2Grade B —Density equivalent to a maximum of 1.5 % porosity. The minimum density of those sections of the powder forged part so designated by the applicable part drawing shall not be less than the value specified in .

    1.3 Property values stated in inch-pound units are the standard. Conversion factors to SI units may be approximate.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A255 Test Methods for Determining Hardenability of Steel

    B243 Terminology of Powder Metallurgy

    B311 Test Method for Density of Powder Metallurgy (PM) Materials Containing Less Than Two Percent Porosity

    B795 Test Method for Determining the Percentage of Alloyed or Unalloyed Iron Contamination Present in Powder Forged (PF) Steel Materials

    B796 Test Method for Nonmetallic Inclusion Content of Powders Intended for Powder Forging (PF) Applications

    B797 Test Method for Surface Finger Oxide Penetration Depth and Presence of Interparticle Oxide Networks in Powder Forged (P/F) Steel Parts

    B934 Test Method for Effective Case Depth of Ferrous Powder Metallurgy (PM) Parts Using Microindentation Hardness Measurements

    E3 Guide for Preparation of Metallographic Specimens

    E8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials

    E18 Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials

    E23 Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E350 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Carbon Steel, Low-Alloy Steel, Silicon Electrical Steel, Ingot Iron, and Wrought Iron

    E415 Test Method for Atomic Emission Vacuum Spectrometric Analysis of Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel

    E562 Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic Manual Point Count

    E1019 Test Methods for Determination of Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Steel, Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys by Various Combustion and Fusion Techniques

    E1077 Test Methods for Estimating the Depth of Decarburization of Steel Specimens

    MPIF Standard

    MPIF35 Materials Standards for PF Steel Parts


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.160 (Powder metallurgy)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31133700(Powdered metals and metal alloys)


    DOI: 10.1520/B0848-01

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