ASTM B761-98

    Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Powders and Related Compounds by X-Ray Monitoring of Gravity Sedimentation


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of particle size distributions of refractory metal powders. Experience has shown that this test method is satisfactory for the analysis of elemental tungsten, tungsten carbide, molybdenum, and tantalum powders, all with an as-supplied Fisher number of 6 [mu]m or less, as determined by Test Method B 330. Other refractory metal powders (for example, elemental metals, carbides, and nitrides) may be analyzed using this test method with caution as to significance until actual satisfactory experience is developed (see 7.2). The procedure covers the determination of particle size distribution of the powder in the following two conditions:

    1.1.1 As the powder is supplied (as-supplied), and

    1.1.2 After the powder has been deagglomerated by rod milling as described in Practice B 859.

    1.2 This test method is applicable to particles of uniform density and composition having a particle size distribution range of 0.1 to 100 [mu]m. However, with tungsten, molybdenum, tantalum, and tungsten carbide powders, analyses are limited to a particle size distribution range of 0.1 to 30 [mu]m.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard information is given in Section 7.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    B330 Test Method for Fisher Number of Metal Powders and Related Compounds

    B821 Guide for Liquid Dispersion of Metal Powders and Related Compounds for Particle Size Analysis

    B859 Practice for De-Agglomeration of Refractory Metal Powders and Their Compounds Prior to Particle Size Analysis

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.160 (Powder metallurgy)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/B0761-98

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.


    Citation Format

    ASTM B761-98, Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Powders and Related Compounds by X-Ray Monitoring of Gravity Sedimentation, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1998, www.astm.org

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