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1.1 This specification covers the requirements for 28 grades of titanium and titanium alloy tubing intended for surface condensers, evaporators, and heat exchangers, as follows:
1.1.1 Grade 1—Unalloyed titanium,
1.1.2 Grade 2—Unalloyed titanium,
22.214.171.124 Grade 2H—Unalloyed titanium (Grade 2 with 58 ksi minimum UTS),
1.1.3 Grade 3—Unalloyed titanium,
1.1.4 Grade 7—Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium,
126.96.36.199 Grade 7H—Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium (Grade 7 with 58 ksi minimum UTS),
1.1.5 Grade 9—Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium),
1.1.6 Grade 11—Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium,
1.1.7 Grade 12—Titanium alloy (0.3 % molybdenum, 0.8 % nickel),
1.1.8 Grade 13—Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium),
1.1.9 Grade 14—Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium),
1.1.10 Grade 15—Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium),
1.1.11 Grade 16—Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium,
188.8.131.52 Grade 16H—Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium (Grade 16 with 58 ksi minimum UTS),
1.1.12 Grade 17—Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium,
1.1.13 Grade 18—Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium) plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium,
1.1.14 Grade 26—Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium,
184.108.40.206 Grade 26H—Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium (Grade 26 with 58 ksi minimum UTS),
1.1.15 Grade 27—Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium,
1.1.16 Grade 28—Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium) plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium,
1.1.17 Grade 30—Titanium alloy (0.3 % cobalt, 0.05 % palladium),
1.1.18 Grade 31—Titanium alloy (0.3 % cobalt, 0.05 % palladium),
1.1.19 Grade 33—Titanium alloy (0.4 % nickel, 0.015 % palladium, 0.025 % ruthenium, 0.15 % chromium),
1.1.20 Grade 34—Titanium alloy (0.4 % nickel, 0.015 % palladium, 0.025 % ruthenium, 0.15 % chromium),
1.1.21 Grade 35—Titanium alloy (4.5 % aluminum, 2 % molybdenum, 1.6 % vanadium, 0.5 % iron, 0.3 % silicon),
1.1.22 Grade 36—Titanium alloy (45 % niobium),
1.1.23 Grade 37—Titanium alloy (1.5 % aluminum), and
1.1.24 Grade 38—Titanium alloy (4 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium, 1.5 % iron).
Note 1—H grade material is identical to the corresponding numeric grade (that is, Grade 2H = Grade 2) except for the higher guaranteed minimum UTS, and may always be certified as meeting the requirements of its corresponding numeric grade. Grades 2H, 7H, 16H, and 26H are intended primarily for pressure vessel use.
The H grades were added in response to a user association request based on its study of over 5200 commercial Grade 2, 7, 16, and 26 test reports, where over 99 % met the 58 ksi minimum UTS.
1.2 Tubing covered by this specification shall be heat treated by at least a stress relief as defined in 5.3.
1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
E8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E1409 Test Method for Determination of Oxygen and Nitrogen in Titanium and Titanium Alloys by the Inert Gas Fusion Technique
E1447 Test Method for Determination of Hydrogen in Titanium and Titanium Alloys by Inert Gas Fusion Thermal Conductivity/Infrared Detection Method
E1941 Test Method for Determination of Carbon in Refractory and Reactive Metals and Their Alloys by Combustion Analysis
E2371 Test Method for Analysis of Titanium and Titanium Alloys by Direct Current Plasma and Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (Performance-Based Test Methodology)
E2626 Guide for Spectrometric Analysis of Reactive and Refractory Metals
ICS Number Code 23.040.15 (Non-ferrous metal pipes)