ASTM A970/A970M-04a

    Standard Specification for Headed Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers deformed and plain steel reinforcing bars in cut lengths, witha head(s) attached to one or both ends, for concrete reinforcement. Attachment can be accomplished through welding or forging of heads onto the bar ends, by internal threads in the head mating to threads on the bar end or by a separate threaded nut to secure the head to the bar. Heads are forge formed, machined from bar stock, or cut from plate.

    Note 1—This specification is applicable for headed bars produced with welded, threaded, or forged heads and used for reinforcement of concrete structures. The requirements of this specification are not applicable to headed bars where the attachment of the head is accomplished by alternate means.

    1.2 Grade—Headed bars are of a single minimum yield strength level of 420 MPa [60 000 psi], designated as Grade 420 [60].

    1.3 Controlled Mechanical Properties and Performance Requirements—This specification by use of tensile and bend tests and the specified minimum performance levels in Sections 7 and 8 provides the required performance properties for these assemblies.

    1.4 Welding, Threading, and Forging

    1.4.1 Welding of heads to the reinforcing steel shall be approached with care. A welding procedure conforming to ANSI/AWS D1.4 shall be used for all required production welding of the head to the bar, except for friction welding that shall conform to ANSI/AWS C6.1.

    1.4.2 Forging—Integrally forged headed bars where the heads are produced by deforming the bar ends in a hot forging process also are acceptable.

    1.4.3 Threading—It shall be permissable to attach the head(s) to the reinforcing bar using straight or tapered internal threads within the head or by securing the head to the threaded bar end with a separate internally threaded nut.

    1.4.4 Low-Alloy Steel Bars—Low-alloy steel reinforcing bars conforming to Specification A 706/A 706M shall be used to manufacture welded headed bars. Specification A 706/A 706M limits chemical composition and carbon equivalence to enhance weldablity of the material.

    1.4.5 Reinforcing bar material conforming to A 615/A 615M or A 706/A 706M is acceptable for the production of threaded or forged headed bars.

    1.4.6 Other types of steel reinforcing bars shall be permitted: (1) providing they conform to the dimensional and weight requirements of the reinforcement as specified in 1.4.4 or 1.4.5, as applicable, and (2) when specified and agreed upon by the purchaser and the manufacturer and only when the suitability of the head and bar materials for the welding, threading, or forging process specified is demonstrated through successful application of the requirements for testing and frequency of testing in Sections 7 and 8 of this specification.

    1.4.7 All reinforcing bars shall conform to the mechanical performance requirements of this specification.

    1.5 This specification is applicable for orders in either SI or inch-pound units.

    1.6 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as the standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the "M" designation of this specification is specified in the order.

    1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    A615/A615M Specification for Deformed and Plain Carbon-Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement

    A700 Practices for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Methods for Steel Products for Shipment

    A706/A706M Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Deformed and Plain Bars for Concrete Reinforcement

    AWS Standards

    AWS C6.1 Recommended Practices for Friction Welding

    AWS D1.4/D1.4M Structural Welding Code - Reinforcing Steel

    U.S. Military Standard

    MIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage

    U.S. Federal Standard

    Fed.Std.No.123 Marking for Shipment (Civil Agencies)

    ACI Standard

    ACI318 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete


    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30103623(Reinforcing bar or rebar or mesh)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/A0970_A0970M-04A

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.


    Citation Format

    ASTM A970 / A970M-04a, Standard Specification for Headed Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2004, www.astm.org

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