ASTM A909/A909M-06

    Standard Specification for Steel Forgings, Microalloy, for General Industrial Use


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers wrought, microalloyed carbon steel forgings for industrial use. Microalloyed steels develop their properties by the addition of small amounts of microalloying elements such as vanadium, columbium, titanium, or molybdenum. The properties may be influenced also by control of the hot working process and temperature and by control of the subsequent cooling rate.

    1.2 The forgings shall be furnished to chemical composition and mechanical property requirements as specified herein. Chemical composition is based on standard carbon steel grades modified to include microalloying elements. Strength level is specified based on desired mechanical properties in the forgings. Depending on the forging process, different strength classes may be attainable from a single chemical composition. Conversely, mechanical properties of a given strength class may be achieved using different chemical compositions. The manufacturer should be consulted if development of chemical composition is necessary.

    1.3 For the purpose of this specification, forgings with maximum section thickness of 4 in. [100 mm] are to be considered.

    1.4 Supplementary Requirements S1 to S8 are provided for use when additional controls or requirements are desired. These shall apply only when specified on the purchase order.

    1.5 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI (metric) units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text and tables, SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with this specification.

    1.6 Unless the order specifies the applicable "M" specification designation, the material shall be furnished to the inch-pound units.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A29/A29M Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon and Alloy, Hot-Wrought, General Requirements for

    A275/A275M Practice for Magnetic Particle Examination of Steel Forgings

    A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    A576 Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality

    A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products

    A788/A788M Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements

    A921/A921M Specification for Steel Bars, Microalloy, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, for Subsequent Hot Forging

    E10 Test Method for Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials

    E18 Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials

    E45 Test Methods for Determining the Inclusion Content of Steel


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.140.85 (Iron and steel forgings)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31132100(Steel forgings)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/A0909_A0909M-06

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.


    Citation Format

    ASTM A909 / A909M-06, Standard Specification for Steel Forgings, Microalloy, for General Industrial Use, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2006, www.astm.org

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