ASTM A904-98

    Standard Specification for 50 Nickel-50 Iron Powder Metallurgy (P/M) Soft Magnetic Alloys


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers the magnetic properties of 50 nickel-50 iron parts fabricated by powder metallurgy techniques and is intended for parts that require high magnetic permeability, high electrical resistivity, low coercive force and low hysteresis losses. It differs from the wrought alloy because parts are generally porous (see Specification A753). Porosity can cause some of the magnetic properties to differ from the wrought grade because some magnetic properties are directly proportional to the sintered density.

    1.2 The 50 nickel-50 iron parts shall have a typical chemistry as shown in Table 1. Magnetic properties are affected significantly by the sintering process. Magnetic properties of as-sintered products vary greatly with respect to carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and sulphur content. The levels of these elements should be agreed upon between the producer and user. Parts made through powder metallurgy techniques, including metal injection molding are generally to configuration of the desired part.

    1.2.1 If secondary or machining operations are required, which may stress the part, an anneal should be provided to restore magnetic properties to the as-sintered condition, as defined in this specification.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A34/A34M Practice for Sampling and Procurement Testing of Magnetic Materials

    A340 Terminology of Symbols and Definitions Relating to Magnetic Testing

    A596/A596M Test Method for Direct-Current Magnetic Properties of Materials Using the Ballistic Method and Ring Specimens

    A753 Specification for Wrought Nickel-Iron Soft Magnetic Alloys (UNS K94490, K94840, N14076, N14080)

    A773/A773M Test Method for dc Magnetic Properties of Materials Using Ring and Permeameter Procedures with dc Electronic Hysteresigraphs

    B328 Test Method for Density, Oil Content, and Interconnected Porosity of Sintered Metal Structural Parts and Oil-Impregnated Bearings

    B962 Test Methods for Density of Compacted or Sintered Powder Metallurgy (PM) Products Using Archimedes Principle

    E1019 Test Methods for Determination of Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Steel, Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys by Various Combustion and Fusion Techniques


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.160 (Powder metallurgy)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31381200(Sintered magnets and magnet assemblies)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/A0904-98

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    Citation Format

    ASTM A904-98, Standard Specification for 50 Nickel-50 Iron Powder Metallurgy (P/M) Soft Magnetic Alloys, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1998, www.astm.org

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