ASTM A859/A859M-04

    Standard Specification for Age-Hardening Alloy Steel Forgings for Pressure Vessel Components

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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers requirements for low-carbon age-hardening nickel-copper-chromium-molybdenum-columbium alloy steel forgings for pressure vessel components.

    1.2 Forgings under this specification are available as Grades A or B. Grade A may be ordered in one or two classes as follows:

    1.2.1 Grade A Class 1Normalized-and-precipitation-heat-treated, providing a minimum yield strength of 55 ksi [380 MPa] and a minimum tensile strength of 65 ksi [450 MPa].

    1.2.2 Grade A Class 2Quenched-and-precipitation-heat-treated, providing a minimum yield strength of 65 ksi [450 MPa] and a minimum tensile strength of 75 ksi [MPa].

    1.2.3 Grade A was the original steel composition in this specification.

    1.3 Although the material is readily weldable, welding procedures are of fundamental importance and must be such as not to affect adversely the properties of the material, especially in the heat-affected zone. It is presupposed that welding procedures will be suitable for the material being welded.

    1.4 Supplementary requirements, including those applicable in Specification A 788, are provided for use when additional testing or inspection is desired. These shall apply only when specified individually by the purchaser in the order.

    1.5 The values stated in either inch-pound or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.

    1.6 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound and SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable "M" specification designation [SI units], the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A275/A275M Practice for Magnetic Particle Examination of Steel Forgings

    A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    A388/A388M Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Steel Forgings

    A788/A788M Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements

    E208 Test Method for Conducting Drop-Weight Test to Determine Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature of Ferritic Steels

    E604 Test Method for Dynamic Tear Testing of Metallic Materials

    ASME Standard

    ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code--Section IX, Welding Qualifications


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.140.30 (Steels for pressure purposes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31132100(Steel forgings)


    DOI: 10.1520/A0859_A0859M-04

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