1.1 These test methods cover the determination of specific core loss and peak permeability of single layers of sheet-type specimens tested with normal excitation at a frequency of 50 or 60 Hz. Note 1-These test methods have been applied only at the commercial power frequencies, 50 and 60 Hz, but with proper instrumentation and application of the principles of testing and calibration embodied in the test methods, they are believed to be adaptable to testing at frequencies ranging from 25 to 400 Hz.
1.2 These test methods employ calibration procedures that provide correlation with the 25-cm [250-mm] Epstein test.
1.3 The range of test inductions is governed by the properties of the test specimen and by the available instruments and other equipment components. Normally, nonoriented electrical steels can be tested over a range from 8 to 16 kG [0.8 to 1.6 T] for core loss. For oriented electrical steels, the normal range extends to 18 kG [1.8 T]. Maximum inductions in peak permeability testing are limited principally by heating of the magnetizing winding and tests are limited normally to a maximum a-c magnetizing force of about 150 Oe [12 000 A/m].
1.4 These test methods cover two alternative procedures as follows: Test Method 1-Sections 6 to 12 Test Method 2-Sections 13 to 19
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A34/A34M Practice for Sampling and Procurement Testing of Magnetic Materials
A340 Terminology of Symbols and Definitions Relating to Magnetic Testing
A343/A343M Test Method for Alternating-Current Magnetic Properties of Materials at Power Frequencies Using Wattmeter-Ammeter-Voltmeter Method and 25-cm Epstein Test Frame
A677 Specification for Nonoriented Electrical Steel Fully Processed Types
A683 Specification for Nonoriented Electrical Steel, Semiprocessed Types
A876 Specification for Flat-Rolled, Grain-Oriented, Silicon-Iron, Electrical Steel, Fully Processed Types
alternating current; ammeter; core loss; magnetic; magnetic flux density; magnetic material; magnetic test; permeability; power frequency; sheet; wattmeter; voltmeter; A-C (alternating-current) magnetic properties; Alternating-current permeability; Commercial power frequencies; Core loss--alternating-current; Current measurement--alternating-current; Electrical conductors; Exciting current--alternating-current; Peak exciting current--alternating-current magnetic properties; Sheet materials (general); Single-layered materials/applications; Wattmeter-ammeter-voltmeter method--magnetic properties;
ICS Number Code 77.140.40 (Steels with special magnetic properties)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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