ASTM A754/A754M-96(2004)

    Standard Test Method for Coating Weight (Mass) of Metallic Coatings on Steel by X-Ray Fluorescence


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the use of X-ray fluorescence (XRF) for determining the coating weight (mass) of metallic coatings on steel sheet. The test method is intended to be used for "on-line" measurements of coating on continuous production lines.

    1.2 This test method is applicable to the coatings covered by the following ASTM specifications: A591/A591M, A599/A599M, A623, A623M, A653/A653M, A792/A792M, A875/A875M, A879, and A918. It may be applicable to other coatings, providing that the elemental nature of the coating and substrate are compatible with the technical aspects of XRF such as the absorption coefficient of the system, primary radiation, fluorescent radiation, type of detection.

    1.3 This test method includes the procedure for developing a single standard determination of coating weight (mass)

    1.4 This test method includes procedures for both x-ray tube and isotope coating weight (mass) measuring instruments.

    1.5 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded seperately as the standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A599/A599M Specification for Tin Mill Products, Electrolytic Tin-Coated, Cold-Rolled Sheet

    A623 Specification for Tin Mill Products, General Requirements

    A623M Specification for Tin Mill Products, General Requirements [Metric]

    A653/A653M Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip Process

    A792/A792M Specification for Steel Sheet, 55 % Aluminum-Zinc Alloy-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process

    A875/A875M Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-5 % Aluminum Alloy-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process

    A879/A879M Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc Coated by the Electrolytic Process for Applications Requiring Designation of the Coating Mass on Each Surface

    A902 Terminology Relating to Metallic Coated Steel Products

    A918 Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Nickel Alloy Coated by the Electrolytic Process for Applications Requiring Designation of the Coating Mass on Each Surface

    A924/A924M Specification for General Requirements for Steel Sheet, Metallic-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process

    A1046/A1046M Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Aluminum-Magnesium Alloy-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process

    A1063/A1063M Specification for Steel Sheet, Twin-Roll Cast, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) by the Hot-Dip Process


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.040.20 (Properties of surfaces)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30264000(Carbon steel sheets)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/A0754_A0754M-96R04

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.


    Citation Format

    ASTM A754 / A754M-96(2004), Standard Test Method for Coating Weight (Mass) of Metallic Coatings on Steel by X-Ray Fluorescence, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2004, www.astm.org

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