ASTM A751-01

    Standard Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This standard covers definitions, reference methods, practices, and guides relating to the chemical analysis of steel, stainless steel, and related alloys. It includes both wet chemical and instrumental techniques.

    1.2 Directions are provided for handling chemical requirements, product analyses, residual elements, and reference standards, and for the treatment and reporting of chemical analysis data.

    1.3 This standard applies only to those product standards which include this standard or parts thereof as a requirement.

    1.4 In cases of conflict, the product specification requirements shall take precedence over the requirements of this standard.

    1.5 Attention is directed to Practice A880 when there may be a need for information on criteria for evaluation of testing laboratories.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E30 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Steel, Cast Iron, Open-Hearth Iron, and Wrought Iron

    E50 Practices for Apparatus, Reagents, and Safety Considerations for Chemical Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E60 Practice for Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials by Spectrophotometry

    E212 Test Method for Spectrographic Analysis of Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel by the Rod-to-Rod Technique

    E293 Test Method for Spectographic Determination of Acid-Soluble Aluminum in Low-Alloy Steel by the Solution Technique

    E322 Test Method for X-Ray Emission Spectrometric Analysis of Low-Alloy Steels and Cast Irons

    E327 Test Method for Optical Emission Spectrometric Analysis of Stainless Type 18-8 Steels by the Point-to-Plane Technique

    E350 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Carbon Steel, Low-Alloy Steel, Silicon Electrical Steel, Ingot Iron, and Wrought Iron

    E352 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Tool Steels and Other Similar Medium- and High-Alloy Steels

    E353 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Stainless, Heat-Resisting, Maraging, and Other Similar Chromium-Nickel-Iron Alloys

    E354 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys

    E404 Test Method for Spectrographic Determination of Boron In Carbon and LowAlloy Steel by the Point-To-Plane Technique

    E415 Test Method for Atomic Emission Vacuum Spectrometric Analysis of Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel

    E421 Test Method for Spectrographic Determination of Silicon and Aluminum in High-Purity Iron

    E485 Test Method for Optical Emission Vacuum Spectrometric Analysis of Blast Furnace Iron by the Point-to-Plane Technique

    E548 Guide for General Criteria Used for Evaluating Laboratory Competence

    E572 Test Method for Analysis of Stainless and Alloy Steels by X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    E663 Practice for Flame Atomic Absorption Analysis

    E743 Guide for Spectrochemical Laboratory Quality Assurance

    E851 Practice for Evaluation of Spectrochemical Laboratories

    E882 Guide for Accountability and Quality Control in the Chemical Analysis Laboratory

    E1019 Test Methods for Determination of Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Steel, Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys by Various Combustion and Fusion Techniques

    E1024 Guide for Chemical Analysis of Metals and Metal Bearing Ores by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry

    E1063 Test Method for X-Ray Emission Spectrometric Determination of Cerium and Lanthanum in Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels

    E1085 Test Method for Analysis of Low-Alloy Steels by X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    E1086 Test Method for Atomic Emission Vacuum Spectrometric Analysis of Stainless Steel by Point-to-Plane Excitation Technique

    E1097 Guide for Determination of Various Elements by Direct Current Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry

    E1184 Practice for Determination of Elements by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

    E1282 Guide for Specifying the Chemical Compositions and Selecting Sampling Practices and Quantitative Analysis Methods for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E1329 Practice for Verification and Use of Control Charts in Spectrochemical Analysis

    E1806 Practice for Sampling Steel and Iron for Determination of Chemical Composition

    ISO Standards

    ISO/IEC17025 General Requirements for the Competence of Testing and Calibration Laboratories


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.040.30 (Chemical analysis of metals)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11101704(Steel)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/A0751-01

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.


    Citation Format

    ASTM A751-01, Standard Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2001, www.astm.org

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