ASTM A714-99

    Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Welded and Seamless Steel Pipe


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers seamless and welded high-strength low-alloy steel pipe NPS 1/2 to NPS 26, inclusive. Pipe having other dimensions may be furnished provided such pipe complies with all other requirements of this specification. This material is intended for pressure piping service, and other general purposes, where savings in weight or added durability are important.

    Note 1-The dimensionless designator NPS (nominal pipe size) has been substituted in this standard for such traditional terms as "nominal diameter," "size," and "nominal size." Note 2-A comprehensive listing of standardized pipe dimensions is contained in ANSI Standard B36.10.

    1.2 Class -These high-strength low-alloy steels have enhanced resistance to general atmospheric corrosion by weathering as commonly encountered in rural, urban, marine, and industrial environments. They are supplied in two classes: Class 2, having corrosion resistance equivalent to that of carbon steel with copper (0.20 minimum Cu); and Class 4; having corrosion resistance substantially better than that of Class 2 (Note 3). Class 4 steels when properly exposed to the atmosphere can be used bare (unpainted) for many applications.

    Note 3-For methods of estimating the atmospheric corrosion resistance of low alloy steels see Guide G101 or actual data.

    1.3 Type -Pipe may be furnished in the following types of manufacturing processes: Type F -Furnace-butt welded, continuous welded, Type E -Electric-resistance welded, and Type S -Seamless.

    1.3.1 Pipe ordered under this specification is suitable for welding.

    1.3.2 Type E pipe may be furnished either nonexpanded or cold-expanded at the option of the manufacturer.

    1.3.3 Types F, E, and S pipe are commonly furnished in nonheat-treated condition. Type S pipe may be furnished in normalized (or other) heat-treated condition, when so specified.

    1.3.4 Types F, E, and S pipe in single random lengths may be furnished with hot-dipped galvanized coating of zinc, subject to inquiry to the producer.

    1.3.5 Couplings, when furnished, shall be of the same class, heat-treated condition, and grade of material as the pipe ordered.

    1.4 Grade -This specification designates eight grades of steel composition as listed in Table 1 and corresponding tensile requirements for the grades as listed in Table 2.

    1.4.1 For Class 2 pipe, Grades I, II, or III shall be specified, and copper-bearing steel is required as specified in Table 1.

    1.4.2 For Class 4 pipe, Grades IV, V, VI, VII, or VIII shall be specified. Alternatively, for Class 4, Type S, and Type E pipe, a steel composition corresponding to a grade listed in Table 1 of Specification A588 may be specified, subject to negotiation.

    1.5 When Class 4 pipe is joined by welding or is used in welded construction, the user is cautioned that the selection of welding procedure and resultant composition of fused metal should be suitable for Class 4 material and the intended service.

    1.6 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ANSI Standard

    B36.10 Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.

    ASTM Standards

    A53/A53M Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless

    A90/A90M Test Method for Weight [Mass] of Coating on Iron and Steel Articles with Zinc or Zinc-Alloy Coatings

    A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    A588/A588M Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel, up to 50 ksi [345 MPa] Minimum Yield Point, with Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance

    A700 Practices for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Methods for Steel Products for Shipment

    A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products

    B6 Specification for Zinc

    G101 Guide for Estimating the Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance of Low-Alloy Steels


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 23.040.10 (Iron and steel pipes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 40171606(Industrial ferrous alloy pipe)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/A0714-99

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.


    Citation Format

    ASTM A714-99, Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Welded and Seamless Steel Pipe, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1999, www.astm.org

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