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1.1 This specification covers carbon and high-strength low-alloy steel structural shapes, plates, and bars and quenched and tempered alloy steel for structural plates intended for use in bridges. Seven grades are available in four yield strength levels as follows:
|Grade U.S. [SI]||Yield Strength, ksi [MPa]|
|36 ||36 |
|50 ||50 |
|50S [345S]||50 |
|50W [345W]||50 |
|HPS 50W [HPS 345W]||50 |
|HPS 70W [HPS 485W]||70 |
|HPS 100W [HPS 690W]||100 |
1.1.1 Grades 36 , 50 , 50S [345S], and 50W [345W] are also included in Specifications A36/A36M, A572/A572M, A992/A992M, and A588/A588M, respectively. When the supplementary requirements of this specification are specified, they exceed the requirements of Specifications A36/A36M, A572/A572M, A992/A992M, and A588/A588M.
1.1.2 Grades 50W [345W], HPS 50W [HPS 345W], HPS 70W [HPS 485W], and HPS 100W [HPS 690W] have enhanced atmospheric corrosion resistance (see 13.1.2). Product availability is shown in Table 1.
1.2 Grade HPS 70W [HPS 485W] or HPS 100W [HPS 690W] shall not be substituted for Grades 36 , 50 , 50S [345S], 50W [345W], or HPS 50W [HPS 345W]. Grade 50W [345W], or HPS 50W [HPS 345W] shall not be substituted for Grades 36 , 50  or 50S [345S] without agreement between the purchaser and the supplier.
1.3 When the steel is to be welded, it is presupposed that a welding procedure suitable for the grade of steel and intended use or service will be utilized. See Appendix X3 of Specification A6/A6M for information on weldability.
1.4 For structural products to be used as tension components requiring notch toughness testing, standardized requirements are provided in this standard, and they are based upon American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) requirements for both fracture critical and non-fracture critical members.
1.5 Supplementary requirements are available but shall apply only if specified in the purchase order.
1.6 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.7 For structural products produced from coil and furnished without heat treatment or with stress relieving only, the additional requirements, including additional testing requirements and the reporting of additional test results, of Specification A6/A6M apply.
TABLE 1 Tensile and Hardness RequirementsA
Note—Where “. . .” appears in this table, there is no requirement.
| Structural Shape Flange|
Thickness, in. [mm]
|Minimum Elongation, %||Reduc-|
|Plates and BarsC,E||ShapesE|
| 2 in.|
|36 ||to 4 , incl||to 3 in. [75 mm], incl|| 36  min|| 58–80 [400–550]|| 20|| 23|| 20|| 21|| ...|
| ||over 3 in. [75 mm]|| 36  min|| 58  min|| ...|| ..|| 20|| 19|| ...|
|50 ||to 4 , incl||all|| 50  min|| 65  min|| 18|| 21|| 18|| 21F|| ...|
|50S [345S]||G||all|| 50–65|
|65 H min|| ...||...|| 18|| 21|| ...|
|50W [345W] and|
|to 4 , incl||all|| 50  min|| 70  min|| 18|| 21|| 18|| 21J|| ...|
[HPS 485 W]
|to 4 , incl||G||70  minB||85–110 [585–760]|| ...||19K|| ...|| ...|| ...|
|to 2½ , incl||G|| 100  minB|| 110–130 [760–895]|| ...|| 18K|| ...|| ...|| L|
|over 2½ to 4 |
[65 to 100], inclM
|G|| 90  minB|| 100–130 [690–895]|| ...|| 16K|| ...|| ...|| L|
A See specimen orientation and preparation subsection in the Tension Tests section of Specification A6/A6M.
B Measured at 0.2 % offset or 0.5 % extension under load as described in Section 13 of Test Methods A370.
C Elongation and reduction of area not required to be determined for floor plates.
D For plates wider than 24 in. [600 mm], the reduction of area requirement, where applicable, is reduced by five percentage points.
E For plates wider than 24 in. [600 mm], the elongation requirement is reduced by two percentage points. See elongation requirement adjustments in the Tension Tests section of Specification A6/A6M.
F Elongation in 2 in. or 50 mm: 19 % for shapes with flange thickness over 3 in. [75 mm].
G Not applicable.
H The yield to tensile ratio shall be 0.87 or less for shapes that are tested from the web location; for all other shapes, the requirement is 0.85.
I A maximum yield strength of 70 ksi [480 MPa] is permitted for structural shapes that are required to be tested from the web location.
J For wide flange shapes with flange thickness over 3 in. [75 mm], elongation in 2 in. or 50 mm of 18 % minimum applies.
K If measured on the Fig. 3 (Test Methods A370) 1½-in. [40–mm] wide specimen, the elongation is determined in a 2-in. or 50-mm gage length that includes the fracture and shows the greatest elongation.
M Not applicable to Fracture Critical Tension Components (see Table 9).
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A6/A6M Specification for General Requirements for Rolled Structural Steel Bars, Plates, Shapes, and Sheet Piling
A36/A36M Specification for Carbon Structural Steel
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A572/A572M Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-Vanadium Structural Steel
A588/A588M Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel, up to 50 ksi [345 MPa] Minimum Yield Point, with Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance
A673/A673M Specification for Sampling Procedure for Impact Testing of Structural Steel
A992/A992M Specification for Structural Steel Shapes
G101 Guide for Estimating the Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance of Low-Alloy Steels
ICS Number Code 77.140.10 (Heat-treatable steels)
UNSPSC Code 30260000(Structural materials)
ASTM A709 / A709M-09a, Standard Specification for Structural Steel for Bridges, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2009, www.astm.orgBack to Top