ASTM A709/A709M-08

    Standard Specification for Structural Steel for Bridges

    SUPERSEDED (see Active link, below)


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers carbon and high-strength low-alloy steel structural shapes, plates, and bars and quenched and tempered alloy steel for structural plates intended for use in bridges. Nine grades are available in four yield strength levels as follows:

    Grade U.S. [SI] Yield Strength, ksi [MPa]
    36 [250] 36 [250]
    50 [345] 50 [345]
    50S [345S] 50 [345]
    50W [345W] 50 [345]
    HPS 50W [HPS 345W] 50 [345]
    HPS 70W [HPS 485W] 70 [485]
    100 [690] 100 [690]
    100W [690W] 100 [690]
    HPS 100W [HPS 690W] 100 [690]

    1.1.1 Grades 36 [250], 50 [345], 50S [345S], 50W [345W], 100 [690], and 100W [690W] are also included in Specifications A 36/A 36M, A 572/A 572M, A 992/A 992M, A 588/A 588M, A 514/A 514M, and A 514/A 514M, respectively. When the supplementary requirements of this specification are specified, they exceed the requirements of Specifications A 36/A 36M, A 572/A 572M, A 992/A 992M, A 588/A 588M, and A 514/A 514M.

    1.1.2 Grades 50W [345W], HPS 50W [HPS 345W], HPS 70W [HPS 485W], 100W [690W], and HPS 100W [HPS 690W] have enhanced atmospheric corrosion resistance (see 14.1.2). Product availability is shown in Table 1.

    1.2 Grade HPS 70W [HPS 485W], 100 [690], 100W [690W], or HPS 100W [HPS 690W] shall not be substituted for Grades 36 [250], 50 [345], 50S [345S], 50W [345W], or HPS 50W [HPS 345W]. Grade 50W [345W], or HPS 50W [HPS 345W] shall not be substituted for Grades 36 [250], 50 [345] or 50S [345S] without agreement between the purchaser and the supplier.

    1.3 When the steel is to be welded, it is presupposed that a welding procedure suitable for the grade of steel and intended use or service will be utilized. See Appendix X3 of Specification A 6/A 6M for information on weldability.

    1.4 For structural products to be used as tension components requiring notch toughness testing, standardized requirements are provided in this standard, and they are based upon American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) requirements for both fracture critical and non-fracture critical members.

    1.5 Supplementary requirements are available but shall apply only if specified in the purchase order.

    1.6 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system is to be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.7 For structural products produced from coil and furnished without heat treatment or with stress relieving only, the additional requirements, including additional testing requirements and the reporting of additional test results, of Specification A 6/A 6M apply.

    TABLE 1 Tensile and Hardness RequirementsA

    Note—Where . . . appears in this table, there is no requirement.

    Grade
    Plate Thickness,
    in. [mm]
    Structural Shape Flange
    or Leg
    Thickness, in. [mm]
    Yield Point
    or Yield
    Strength,B
    ksi
    [MPa]
    Tensile
    Strength,
    ksi [MPa]
    Minimum Elongation, %
    Reduc-
    tion of
    AreaC,D
    min, %
    Brinell
    Hard-
    ness
    Number
    Plates and BarsC,E
    ShapesE
    8 in.
    or 200
    mm
    2 in.
    or 50
    mm
    8 in.
    or 200
    mm
    2 in.
    or 50
    mm
    36 [250]
    to 4 [100], incl
    to 3 in. [75 mm], incl
    36 [250] min
    5880 [400550]
    20
    23
    20
    21
    ...
    ...

    over 3 in. [75 mm]
    36 [250] min
    58 [400] min
    ...
    ..
    20
    19
    ...
    ...
    50 [345]
    to 4 [100], incl
    all
    50 [345] min
    65 [450] min
    18
    21
    18
    21F
    ...
    ...
    50S [345S] G
    all 5065
    [345450]HI
    65 [450]H min ...
    ... 18
    21
    ...
    ...
    50W [345W] and
    HPS 50W [HPS 345W]
    to 4 [100], incl
    all
    50 [345] min
    70 [485] min
    18
    21
    18
    21J
    ...
    ...
    HPS 70W [HPS 485 W]
    to 4 [100], incl G 70 [485] minB 85110 [585760] ...
    19K ...
    ...
    ...
    ...
    100 [690] ,
    100W [690W],
    and HPS 100W
    [HPS 690W]
    to 2½ [65], incl
    G
    100 [690] minB
    110130 [760895]
    ...
    18K
    ...
    ...
    L
    235293M
    100 [690] and
    100W [690W]
    over 2½ to
    4 [65 to 100]
    G
    90 [620] minB
    100130 [690895]
    ...
    16K
    ...
    ...
    L
    ...

    A See specimen orientation and preparation subsection in the Tension Tests section of Specification A 6/A 6M.

    B Measured at 0.2 % offset or 0.5 % extension under load as described in Section 13 of Test Methods A 370.

    C Elongation and reduction of area not required to be determined for floor plates.

    D For plates wider than 24 in. [600 mm], the reduction of area requirement, where applicable, is reduced by five percentage points.

    E For plates wider than 24 in. [600 mm], the elongation requirement is reduced by two percentage points. See elongation requirement adjustments in the Tension Tests section of Specification A 6/A 6M.

    F Elongation in 2 in. or 50 mm: 19 % for shapes with flange thickness over 3 in. [75 mm].

    G Not applicable.

    H The yield to tensile ratio shall be 0.87 or less for shapes that are tested from the web location; for all other shapes, the requirement is 0.85.

    I A maximum yield strength of 70 ksi [480 MPa] is permitted for structural shapes that are required to be tested from the web location.

    J For wide flange shapes with flange thickness over 3 in. [75 mm], elongation in 2 in. or 50 mm of 18 % minimum applies.

    K If measured on the Fig. 3 (Test Methods A 370) 1½in. [40mm] wide specimen, the elongation is determined in a 2-in. or 50-mm gage length that includes the fracture and shows the greatest elongation.

    L 40 % minimum applies if measured on the Fig 3 (Test Methods A 370) 1 ½in. [40-mm] wide specimen; 50 % minimum applies if measured on the Fig. 4 (Test Methods A 370) ½in. [12.5-mm] round specimen.

    M Applies only to Grades 100 [690] and 100W [690W] plates that are 3/8in. [10 mm] or less in thickness and are not tension tested (see 8.1).


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A6/A6M Specification for General Requirements for Rolled Structural Steel Bars, Plates, Shapes, and Sheet Piling

    A36/A36M Specification for Carbon Structural Steel

    A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    A572/A572M Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-Vanadium Structural Steel

    A588/A588M Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel, up to 50 ksi [345 MPa] Minimum Yield Point, with Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance

    A673/A673M Specification for Sampling Procedure for Impact Testing of Structural Steel

    A992/A992M Specification for Structural Steel Shapes

    G101 Guide for Estimating the Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance of Low-Alloy Steels


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.140.10 (Heat-treatable steels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30260000(Structural materials)


    DOI: 10.1520/A0709_A0709M-08

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