ASTM A709/A709M-04a

    Standard Specification for Carbon and High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel Shapes, Plates, and Bars and Quenched-and-Tempered Alloy Structural Steel Plates for Bridges

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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers carbon and high-strength low-alloy steel structural shapes, plates, and bars and quenched and tempered alloy steel for structural plates intended for use in bridges. Eight grades are available in four yield strength levels as follows:

    Grade U.S. [SI] Yield Strength, ksi [MPa] 36 [250]36 [250] 50 [345]50 [345] 50S [345S]50 [345] 50W [345W] 50 [345] HPS 50W [HPS 345W]50 [345] HPS 70W [HPS 485W]70 [485] 100 [690] 100 [690] 100W [690W] 100 [690]

    1.1.1 Grades 36 [250], 50 [345], 50S [345S], 50W [345W], 100 [690], and 100W [690W] are also included in Specifications A 36/A 36M, A 572/A 572M, A 992/A 992M, A 588/A 588M, and A 514/A 514M, respectively. When the supplementary requirements of this specification are specified, they exceed the requirements of Specifications A 36/A 36M, A 572/A 572M, A 992/A 992M, A 588/A 588M, and A 514/A 514M.

    1.1.2 Grades 50W [345W], HPS 50W [HPS 345], HPS 70W [HPS 485W], and 100W [690W] have enhanced atmospheric corrosion resistance (see ). Product availability is shown in .

    1.2 Grade HPS 70W [HPS 485W], 100 [690], or 100W [690W] shall not be substituted for Grades 36 [250], 50 [345], 50S [345S], 50W [345W], or HPS 50W [HPS 345W]. Grade 50W [345W], or HPS 50W [HPS 345W] shall not be substituted for Grades 36 [250], 50 [345] or 50S [345S] without agreement between the purchaser and the supplier.

    1.3 When the steel is to be welded, it is presupposed that a welding procedure suitable for the grade of steel and intended use or service will be utilized. See Appendix X3 of Specification A 6/A 6M for information on weldability.

    1.4 Supplementary requirements are available but shall apply only when specified by the purchaser at the time of ordering.

    1.5 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with this specification.

    1.6 For structural products produced from coil and furnished without heat treatment or with stress relieving only, the additional requirements, including additional testing requirements and the reporting of additional test results, of Specification A 6/A 6M apply.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A6/A6M Specification for General Requirements for Rolled Structural Steel Bars, Plates, Shapes, and Sheet Piling

    A36/A36M Specification for Carbon Structural Steel

    A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    A572/A572M Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-Vanadium Structural Steel

    A588/A588M Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel, up to 50 ksi [345 MPa] Minimum Yield Point, with Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance

    A673/A673M Specification for Sampling Procedure for Impact Testing of Structural Steel

    A992/A992M Specification for Structural Steel Shapes

    G101 Guide for Estimating the Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance of Low-Alloy Steels


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.140.10 (Heat-treatable steels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30260000(Structural materials)


    Citing ASTM Standards
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