ASTM A6/A6M-12a

    Standard Specification for General Requirements for Rolled Structural Steel Bars, Plates, Shapes, and Sheet Piling

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    1. Scope

    1.1 This general requirements specification2 covers a group of common requirements that, unless otherwise specified in the applicable product specification, apply to rolled structural steel bars, plates, shapes, and sheet piling covered by each of the following product specifications issued by ASTM:

    ASTM
    Designation3

    Title of Specification

    A36/A36M

    Carbon Structural Steel

    A131/A131M

    Structural Steel for Ships

    A242/A242M

    High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel

    A283/A283M

    Low and Intermediate Tensile Strength Carbon Steel Plates

    A328/A328M

    Steel Sheet Piling

    A514/A514M

    High-Yield Strength, Quenched and Tempered Alloy Steel Plate Suitable for Welding

    A529/A529M

    High-Strength Carbon-Manganese Steel of Structural Quality

    A572/A572M

    High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-Vanadium Steel

    A573/A573M

    Structural Carbon Steel Plates of Improved Toughness

    A588/A588M

    High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel with 50 ksi (345 MPa) Minimum Yield Point to 4 in. [100 mm] Thick

    A633/A633M

    Normalized High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel Plates

    A656/A656M

    Hot-Rolled Structural Steel, High-Strength Low-Alloy Plate with Improved Formability

    A678/A678M

    Quenched-and-Tempered Carbon and High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel Plates

    A690/A690M

    High-Strength Low-Alloy Steel H-Piles and Sheet Piling for Use in Marine Environments

    A709/A709M

    Carbon and High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel Shapes, Plates, and Bars and Quenched-and-Tempered Alloy Structural Steel Plates for Bridges

    A710/A710M

    Age-Hardening Low-Carbon Nickel-Copper-Chromium-Mo-
    lybdenum-Columbium Alloy Structural Steel Plates

    A769/A769M

    Carbon and High-Strength Electric Resistance Welded Steel Structural Shapes

    A786/A786M

    Rolled Steel Floor Plates

    A808/A808M

    High-Strength Low-Alloy Carbon, Manganese, Columbium, Vanadium Steel of Structural Quality with Improved Notch Toughness

    A827/A827M

    Plates, Carbon Steel, for Forging and Similar Applications

    A829/A829M

    Plates, Alloy Steel, Structural Quality

    A830/A830M

    Plates, Carbon Steel, Structural Quality, Furnished to Chemical Composition Requirements

    A852/A852M

    Quenched and Tempered Low-Alloy Structural Steel Plate with 70 ksi [485 Mpa] Minimum Yield Strength to 4 in. [100 mm] Thick

    A857/A857M

    Steel Sheet Piling, Cold Formed, Light Gage

    A871/A871M

    High-Strength Low Alloy Structural Steel Plate with Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance

    A913/A913M

    Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Steel Shapes of Structural Quality, Produced by Quenching and Self-Tempering Process (QST)

    A945/A945M

    Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel Plate with Low Carbon and Restricted Sulfur for Improved Weldability, Formability, and Toughness

    A950/A950M

    Specification for Fusion Bonded Epoxy-Coated Structural Steel H-Piles and Sheet Piling

    A992/A992M

    Specification for Steel for Structural Shapes for Use in Building Framing

    A1026

    Specification for Alloy Steel Structural Shapes for Use in Building Framing

    A1043/A1043M

    Specification for Structural Steel with Low Yield to Tensile Ratio for Use in Buildings


    1.2 Annex A1 lists permitted variations in dimensions and mass (Note 1) in SI units. The values listed are not exact conversions of the values in Tables 1 to 31 inclusive but are, instead, rounded or rationalized values. Conformance to Annex A1 is mandatory when the “M” specification designation is used.

    Note 1The term “weight” is used when inch-pound units are the standard; however, under SI, the preferred term is “mass.”

    1.3 Annex A2 lists the dimensions of some shape profiles.

    1.4 Appendix X1 provides information on coil as a source of structural products.

    1.5 Appendix X2 provides information on the variability of tensile properties in plates and structural shapes.

    1.6 Appendix X3 provides information on weldability.

    1.7 Appendix X4 provides information on cold bending of plates, including suggested minimum inside radii for cold bending.

    1.8 This general requirements specification also covers a group of supplementary requirements that are applicable to several of the above product specifications as indicated therein. Such requirements are provided for use where additional testing or additional restrictions are required by the purchaser, and apply only where specified individually in the purchase order.

    1.9 In case of any conflict in requirements, the requirements of the applicable product specification prevail over those of this general requirements specification.

    1.10 Additional requirements that are specified in the purchase order and accepted by the supplier are permitted, provided that such requirements do not negate any of the requirements of this general requirements specification or the applicable product specification.

    1.11 For purposes of determining conformance with this general requirements specification and the applicable product specification, values are to be rounded to the nearest unit in the right-hand place of figures used in expressing the limiting values in accordance with the rounding method of Practice E29.

    1.12 The text of this general requirements specification contains notes or footnotes, or both, that provide explanatory material. Such notes and footnotes, excluding those in tables and figures, do not contain any mandatory requirements.

    1.13 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system is to be used independently of the other, without combining values in any way.

    1.14 This general requirements specification and the applicable product specification are expressed in both inch-pound units and SI units; however, unless the order specifies the applicable “M” specification designation (SI units), the structural product is furnished to inch-pound units.

    1.15 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A131/A131M Specification for Structural Steel for Ships

    A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    A673/A673M Specification for Sampling Procedure for Impact Testing of Structural Steel

    A700 Practices for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Methods for Steel Products for Shipment

    A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products

    A829/A829M Specification for Alloy Structural Steel Plates

    A941 Terminology Relating to Steel, Stainless Steel, Related Alloys, and Ferroalloys

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size

    E208 Test Method for Conducting Drop-Weight Test to Determine Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature of Ferritic Steels


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.140.60 (Steel bars and rods)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30260000(Structural materials)


    DOI: 10.1520/A0006_A0006M-12A

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