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1.1 This specification covers premium quality alloy steel semifinished rolled or forged blooms and billets for reforging into critical parts such as aircraft landing-gear forgings.
1.2 Blooms and billets, hereinafter referred to as blooms, are semifinished steel products, hot rolled or forged to approximate cross-sectional dimensions. Blooms may be square, round, hexagonal, octagonal, or rectangular in section. For the purposes of this specification, minimum bloom section size will be 16 in.2 [103 cm2].
1.3 This specification covers two basic classifications of steel:
1.3.1 Class I - Vacuum-induction melted or consumable-electrode vacuum melted, or other suitable processes which will satisfy the quality requirements of this specification.
1.3.2 Class II - Air-melted vacuum degassed.
1.3.3 Class III - Air melted electric furnace ladle refined and vacuum degassed
1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound or SI (metric) units are to be regarded separately as standards. Within the text and tables, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.
1.5 Unless the order specifies the applicable "M" specification the material shall be furnished to the inch-pound units.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A255 Test Methods for Determining Hardenability of Steel
A388/A388M Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Steel Forgings
A604 Test Method for Macroetch Testing of Consumable Electrode Remelted Steel Bars and Billets
A788/A788M Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements
E45 Test Methods for Determining the Inclusion Content of Steel
E114 Practice for Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Straight-Beam Contact Testing
E127 Practice for Fabricating and Checking Aluminum Alloy Ultrasonic Standard Reference Blocks
E214 Practice for Immersed Ultrasonic Testing by the Reflection Method Using Pulsed Longitudinal Waves
E381 Method of Macroetch Testing Steel Bars, Billets, Blooms, and Forgings
AMS StandardsAMS 2304 Steel Cleanliness, Special Aircraft-Quality
ICS Number Code 49.025.10 (Steels)
UNSPSC Code 30265703(Ferrous alloy billet)