ASTM A646/A646M-04

    Standard Specification for Premium Quality Alloy Steel Blooms and Billets for Aircraft and Aerospace Forgings

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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers premium quality alloy steel semifinished rolled or forged blooms and billets for reforging into critical parts such as aircraft landing-gear forgings.

    1.2 Blooms and billets, hereinafter referred to as blooms, are semifinished steel products, hot rolled or forged to approximate cross-sectional dimensions. Blooms may be square, round, hexagonal, octagonal, or rectangular in section. For the purposes of this specification, minimum bloom section size will be 16 in.² (103 cm²).

    1.3 This specification covers two basic classifications of steel:

    1.3.1 Class I—Vacuum-induction melted or consumable-electrode vacuum melted, or other suitable processes which will satisfy the quality requirements of this specification.

    1.3.2 Class II—Air-melted vacuum degassed.

    1.3.3 Class III—Air melted electric furnace ladle refined and vacuum degassed

    1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound or SI (metric) units are to be regarded separately as standards. Within the text and tables, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independent of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.

    1.5 Unless the order specifies the applicable "M" specification the material shall be furnished to the inch-pound units.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A255 Test Methods for Determining Hardenability of Steel

    A388/A388M Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Steel Forgings

    A604 Test Method for Macroetch Testing of Consumable Electrode Remelted Steel Bars and Billets

    A788/A788M Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements

    E45 Test Methods for Determining the Inclusion Content of Steel

    E114 Practice for Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Straight-Beam Contact Testing

    E127 Practice for Fabricating and Checking Aluminum Alloy Ultrasonic Standard Reference Blocks

    E214 Practice for Immersed Ultrasonic Testing by the Reflection Method Using Pulsed Longitudinal Waves

    E381 Method of Macroetch Testing Steel Bars, Billets, Blooms, and Forgings

    AMS Standards

    AMS2304 Steel Cleanliness, Special Aircraft-Quality


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 49.025.10 (Steels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30265703(Ferrous alloy billet)


    DOI: 10.1520/A0646_A0646M-04

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