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1.1 This is an acceptance specification for the magnetic particle inspection of forged steel crankshafts having main bearing journals or crankpins 4 in. [200 mm] or larger in diameter.
1.2 There are three classes, with acceptance standards of increasing severity:
1.2.1 Class 1.
1.2.2 Class 2 (originally the sole acceptance standard of Specification A 456).
1.2.3 Class 3 (formerly covered in Supplementary Requirement S1 of Specification A 456-64 (1970)).
1.3 This specification is not intended to cover continuous grain flow crankshafts, however, Test Method A 983/A 983M may be used for this purpose.
Note 1—Specification A 668/A 688M is a product specification which may be used for crankshaft forgings.
1.4 The values stated in either inches or SI (metric) units are to be regarded separately as the standard. Within the text and figures, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.
1.5 Unless the order specifies the applicable "M" specification designation, the material shall be furnished to the inch units.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A275/A275M Practice for Magnetic Particle Examination of Steel Forgings
A668/A668M Specification for Steel Forgings, Carbon and Alloy, for General Industrial Use
A966/A966M Practice for Magnetic Particle Examination of Steel Forgings Using Alternating Current
A983/A983M Specification for Continuous Grain Flow Forged Carbon and Alloy Steel Crankshafts for Medium Speed Diesel Engines
A986/A986M Specification for Magnetic Particle Examination of Continuous Grain Flow Crankshaft Forgings
E1417/E1417M Practice for Liquid Penetrant Testing
ICS Number Code 77.140.85 (Iron and steel forgings)
UNSPSC Code 26101749(Crankshaft)
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ASTM A456 / A456M-99(2003), Standard Specification for Magnetic Particle Examination of Large Crankshaft Forgings, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2003, www.astm.orgBack to Top