ASTM A449-00

    Standard Specification for Quenched and Tempered Steel Bolts and Studs


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers the chemical and mechanical requirements for two types of quenched and tempered steel bolts and studs for general applications where high strength is required.

    1.2 The two types of bolts covered in this specification are:

    1.2.1 Type 1 -Medium-carbon steel bolts and studs furnished in nominal diameters of 1/4 to 3 in., inclusive.

    1.2.2 Type 2 -Low-carbon martensite or medium-carbon martensite steel bolts and studs furnished in nominal diameters of 1/4 to 1 in., inclusive.

    1.3 The bolts and studs shall be Type 1; Type 2; or, Type 1 or 2 at manufacturer's option; as specified by the purchaser. When a type is not specified, Type 1 shall be furnished. When elevated temperature applications are involved, Type 1 shall be specified by the purchaser on the order.

    1.4 Suitable nuts are covered in Specification A563. Unless otherwise specified, the grade and style of nut shall be as follows:

    Fastener Size and Surface Finish Nut Grade and Style A 1/4 to 1 1/2 in., plain (or with a B, hex coating of insufficient thickness to require over-tapped nuts) Over 1 1/2 to 3 in., plain (or with A, heavy hex a coating of insufficient thickness to require over-tapped nuts) 1/4 to 3 in., zinc-coated (or with DH, heavy hex a coating thickness requiring over-tapped nuts) A Nuts of other grades and styles having specified proof load stresses (Specification A 563, Table 3) greater than the specified grade and style of nut are suitable.

    1.5 Unless otherwise specified, washers ordered with bolts shall be furnished to the requirements of Specification F436.

    1.6 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information purposes only.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A563 Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts

    A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products

    B695 Specification for Coatings of Zinc Mechanically Deposited on Iron and Steel

    D3951 Practice for Commercial Packaging

    F436 Specification for Hardened Steel Washers

    F606 Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners, Washers, Direct Tension Indicators, and Rivets

    F788/F788M Specification for Surface Discontinuities of Bolts, Screws, and Studs, Inch and Metric Series

    F1470 Practice for Fastener Sampling for Specified Mechanical Properties and Performance Inspection

    F1789 Terminology for F16 Mechanical Fasteners

    F2329 Specification for Zinc Coating, Hot-Dip, Requirements for Application to Carbon and Alloy Steel Bolts, Screws, Washers, Nuts, and Special Threaded Fasteners

    G101 Guide for Estimating the Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance of Low-Alloy Steels


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 21.060.10 (Bolts, screws, studs)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31160000(Hardware)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/A0449-00

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.


    Citation Format

    ASTM A449-00, Standard Specification for Quenched and Tempered Steel Bolts and Studs, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2000, www.astm.org

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