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1.1 This practice covers the examination procedures for the contact, pulse-echo ultrasonic examination of heavy steel forgings by the straight and angle-beam techniques. The straight beam techniques include utilization of the DGS (Distance Gain-Size) method. See Appendix X3.
1.2 This practice is to be used whenever the inquiry, contract, order, or specification states that forgings are to be subject to ultrasonic examination in accordance with Practice A388/A388M.
1.3 The values stated in either inch-pound or SI units are to be regarded as the standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.
1.4 This specification and the applicable material specifications are expressed in both inch-pound units and SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable "M" specification designation [SI units], the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A469/A469M Specification for Vacuum-Treated Steel Forgings for Generator Rotors
A745/A745M Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Austenitic Steel Forgings
E317 Practice for Evaluating Performance Characteristics of Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Testing Instruments and Systems without the Use of Electronic Measurement Instruments
E428 Practice for Fabrication and Control of Metal, Other than Aluminum, Reference Blocks Used in Ultrasonic Testing
E1065 Guide for Evaluating Characteristics of Ultrasonic Search Units
Other DocumentRecommendedPracticef (1988 or later) Available from the American Society for Nondestructive Testing, 1711 Arlingate Ln., P.O. Box 28518, Columbus, OH 43228-0518.
ICS Number Code 77.040.20 (Non-destructive testing of metals); 77.140.85 (Iron and steel forgings)
UNSPSC Code 31132100(Steel forgings)
ASTM A388 / A388M-95(2001)e1, Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Heavy Steel Forgings, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2001, www.astm.orgBack to Top