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1.1 This specification covers two types of quenched and tempered steel structural bolts having a minimum tensile strength of 120 ksi for sizes 1.0 in. and less and 105 ksi for sizes over 1.0 to 1½ in., inclusive.
1.2 The bolts are intended for use in structural connections. These connections are covered under the requirements of the Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A 325 or A 490 Bolts, approved by the Research Council on Structural Connections of the Engineering Foundation.
1.3 The bolts are furnished in sizes ½ to 1½ in., inclusive. They are designated by type, denoting chemical composition as follows:
|Type 1||Medium carbon, carbon boron, or medium carbon alloy steel.|
|Type 2||Withdrawn in November 1991.|
|Type 3||Weathering steel.|
Note 1—Bolts for general applications, including anchor bolts, are covered by Specification A 449. Also refer to Specification A 449 for quenched and tempered steel bolts and studs with diameters greater than 1½ in., but with similar mechanical properties.
Note 2—A complete metric companion to Specification A 325 has been developed—Specification A 325M; therefore no metric equivalents are presented in this specification.
1.4 The specification is applicable to heavy hex structural bolts only. For bolts of other configurations and thread lengths with similar mechanical properties, see Specification A449.
1.5 Terms used in this specification are defined in Specification F1789.
1.6 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 10 , of this specification:This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A194/A194M Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts for Bolts for High Pressure or High Temperature Service, or Both
A325M Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat Treated 830 MPa Minimum Tensile Strength (Metric)
A449 Specification for Hex Cap Screws, Bolts and Studs, Steel, Heat Treated, 120/105/90 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength, General Use
A490 Specification for Structural Bolts, Alloy Steel, Heat Treated, 150 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength
A563 Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts
A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
B695 Specification for Coatings of Zinc Mechanically Deposited on Iron and Steel
D3951 Practice for Commercial Packaging
F436 Specification for Hardened Steel Washers
F606 Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners, Washers, Direct Tension Indicators, and Rivets
F788/F788M Specification for Surface Discontinuities of Bolts, Screws, and Studs, Inch and Metric Series
F959 Specification for Compressible-Washer-Type Direct Tension Indicators for Use with Structural Fasteners
F1136 Specification for Zinc/Aluminum Corrosion Protective Coatings for Fasteners
F1470 Practice for Fastener Sampling for Specified Mechanical Properties and Performance Inspection
F1789 Terminology for F16 Mechanical Fasteners
F2329 Specification for Zinc Coating, Hot-Dip, Requirements for Application to Carbon and Alloy Steel Bolts, Screws, Washers, Nuts, and Special Threaded Fasteners
G101 Guide for Estimating the Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance of Low-Alloy Steels
ASME StandardsB 1.1 Unified Screw Threads B 18.24 Part Identification Number (PIN) Code System Standard for B18 Fastener Products B 18.2.6 Fasteners for Use in Structural Applications
ICS Number Code 21.060.10 (Bolts, screws, studs)
UNSPSC Code 31161614(Structural bolts)