ASTM A307-02

    Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts and Studs, 60 000 PSI Tensile Strength

    SUPERSEDED (see Active link, below)


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers the chemical and mechanical requirements of three grades of carbon steel bolts and studs in sizes 1/4 in. (6.35 mm) through 4 in. (104 mm). The fasteners are designated by "Grade" denoting tensile strength and intended use, as follows:

    Grade Description
    Grade A Bolts and studs having a
    minimum tensile strength of
    60 ksi (414 MPa) and intended
    for general applications,
    Grade B Bolts and studs having a
    tensile strength of 60 to 100
    ksi (414 to 690 MPa) and
    intended for flanged joints in
    piping systems with cast iron
    flanges, and
    Grade C Nonheaded anchor bolts,
    either bent or straight, having
    properties conforming to
    Specification A 36 (tensile
    strength of 58 to 80 ksi (400
    to 550 MPa)) and intended
    for structural anchorage purposes.

    1.1.1 The term studs includes stud stock, sometimes referred to as threaded rod.

    1.2 This specification does not cover requirements for machine screws, thread cutting/forming screws, mechanical expansion anchors or similar externally threaded fasteners.

    1.3 Suitable nuts are covered in Specification A 563. Unless otherwise specified, the grade and style of nut for each grade of fastener, of all surface finishes, shall be as follows:

    Nuts of other grades and styles having specified proof load stresses (Specification A 563, Table 3) greater than the specified grade and style of nut are also suitable.

    Fastener Grade and Size Nut Grade and Style
    A, C, 1/4 to 1 1/2 in.A, hex
    A, C, over 1 1/2 to 4 in.A, heavy hex
    B, 1/ 4 to 4 in.A, heavy hex

    1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.5 Supplementary Requirement S1 of an optional nature is provided, which describes additional restrictions to be applied when bolts are to be welded. It shall apply only when specified in the inquiry, order, and contract.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A563 Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts

    A706/A706M Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Deformed and Plain Bars for Concrete Reinforcement

    A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products

    B695 Specification for Coatings of Zinc Mechanically Deposited on Iron and Steel

    F606 Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners, Washers, Direct Tension Indicators, and Rivets

    F1470 Practice for Fastener Sampling for Specified Mechanical Properties and Performance Inspection

    F1554 Specification for Anchor Bolts, Steel, 36, 55, and 105-ksi Yield Strength

    F1789 Terminology for F16 Mechanical Fasteners

    F2329 Specification for Zinc Coating, Hot-Dip, Requirements for Application to Carbon and Alloy Steel Bolts, Screws, Washers, Nuts, and Special Threaded Fasteners

    ASME Standards

    B18.31.3 Threaded Rods (Inch Series)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 21.060.10 (Bolts, screws, studs)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31161600(Bolts); 31163300(Studs)


    DOI: 10.1520/A0307-02

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