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1.1 These test methods cover mechanical tests described in ASTM, EN, ISO, and JIS standards that utilize the SI system of units. The test methods in each system are not exact equivalents. Each standards system (ASTM, EN, ISO, and JIS) shall be used independently of the other. Combining requirements from any two or more systems may result in nonconformance with the purchase order.
1.2 These test methods cover procedures for the mechanical testing of steels, stainless steels, and related alloys. The various mechanical tests herein described are used to determine properties required in the product specifications. Variations in testing methods are to be avoided, and standard methods of testing are to be followed to obtain reproducible and comparable results. In those cases in which the testing requirements for certain products are unique or at variance with these general procedures, the product specification testing requirements shall control.
1.3 Only one of the testing procedure tracks shall be followed: ASTM, EN, ISO, or JIS. When a test method or practice is not available in one of the tracks then an appropriate test method or practice from an alternative track shall be used. The respective tests are listed in the column shown in Table 1.
Note 1—The test methods in each system are not exact equivalents.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 Attention is directed to Practice ISO 17025 when there may be a need for information on criteria for evaluation of testing laboratories.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A833 Practice for Indentation Hardness of Metallic Materials by Comparison Hardness Testers
A1038 Test Method for Portable Hardness Testing by the Ultrasonic Contact Impedance Method
E8/E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E10 Test Method for Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials
E18 Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials
E23 Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E110 Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Metallic Materials by Portable Hardness Testers
E190 Test Method for Guided Bend Test for Ductility of Welds
E290 Test Methods for Bend Testing of Material for Ductility
ICS Number Code 77.040.10 (Mechanical testing of metals)